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Table 1 Hormonal follow-up of a patient with non-obstructive azoospermia before, during, and after clomiphene citrate treatment

From: Excessive unilateral proliferation of spermatogonia in a patient with non-obstructive azoospermia – adverse effect of clomiphene citrate pre-treatment?

  09/2013 04/2014a 01/2018a 05/2018a 07/2018b
FSH [IU/l]
(1.0–10.0)
2.1 5.3 9.2 8.0 7.3
LH [IU/l]
(1.0–9.0)
2.6 9.8 8.3 8.8 5.5
Testosterone [ng/ml]
(3.50–10.00)
3.9 14.6 13.5 9.1 6.8
Estradiol [pg/ml]
(11–41)
15.8 101 82 52
SHBG [nmol/l]
(17.3–65.8)
28.2 43.0 40.0 41.5
  1. aduring clomiphene citrate treatment; bafter 4th testicular biopsy / TESE
  2. FSH follicle stimulating hormone, LH luteinizing hormone, SHBG sex hormone binding globulin, IU/l international units per liter, ng/ml: nanogram per milliliter, pg/ml: picogram per milliliter, nmol/l: nanomole per liter