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Table 3 Effect of different treatments on the diameter of the seminiferous tubes, seminiferous epithelium thickness and peri-vascular fibrosis

From: Rubus apetalus (Rosaceae) improves spermatozoa characteristics, antioxidant enzymes and fertility potential in unilateral cryptorchid rats

Groups Diameter of the seminiferous
tubes (μm)
Germ cell thickness (μm) Peri-vascular fibrosis (μm)
Right testis Left testis Right testis Left testis Right testis Left testis
2 weeks
N 653.63 ± 12.30 656.73 ± 12.73 229.87 ± 7.07 234.35 ± 5.24 16.63 ± 1.82 16.12 ± 1.81
SO 652.21 ± 12.30 662.39 ± 10.23 230.86 ± 8.72 238.20 ± 8.78 16.41 ± 1.87 16.52 ± 1.72
DW 436.64 ± 12.89#,c 663.31 ± 10.80 0 #, c, ¤ 234.26 ± 6.46 48.30 ± 2.76 #, c, ¤ 16.87 ± 2.31
VIT E 461.91 ± 12.30 683.26 ± 11.63 0 #, c, ¤ 277.43 ± 10.08** 33.91 ± 1.41*** 14.52 ± 1.03
AE 12 441.76 ± 9.76 681.67 ± 8.80 0 #, c, ¤ 331.69 ± 8.88*** 28.06 ± 2.87*** 13.33 ± 1.00
AE 60 481.91 ± 8.05** 696.91 ± 8.85 0 #, c, ¤ 331.21 ± 11.59*** 27.76 ± 2.03*** 12.46 ± 0.91
ME 12 480.46 ± 9.18*** 667.91 ± 10.37 0 #, c, ¤ 358.79 ± 12.71*** 25.01 ± 0.95*** 14.60 ± 1.40
ME 60 498.59 ± 9.49*** 669.76 ± 12.89 0 #, c, ¤ 373.02 ± 12.91*** 24.94 ± 1.17*** 11.46 ± 1.19
4 weeks
N 659.93 ± 9.32 658.1 ± 7.52 228.83 ± 8.50 236.49 ± 9.39 15.65 ± 2.650 16.58 ± 2.68
SO 655.41 ± 12.09 661.36 ± 11.68 229.41 ± 9.13 240.87 ± 10.48 16.64 ± 1.31 16.30 ± 1.01
DW 387.51 ± 7.37#, c, ¤ 658.29 ± 9.76 0#, c, ¤ 227.03 ± 7.29 40.10 ± 3.26#, c, ¤ 16.02 ± 1.02
VIT E 476.63 ± 11.65*** 674.2 ± 12.97* 0#, c, ¤ 273.39 ± 6.41 34.98 ± 1.09*** 16.40 ± 0.63
AE 12 444.09 ± 9.03*** 690.06 ± 6.86 0#, c, ¤ 335.89 ± 11.20* 27.58 ± 0.95*** 12.03 ± 2.23
AE 60 464.37 ± 12.63*** 721.57 ± 11.76 0#, c, ¤ 382.97 ± 12.14* 26.74 ± 1.06*** 12.01 ± 0.95
ME 12 446.34 ± 12.46*** 668.67 ± 12.637 0#, c,, ¤ 380.61 ± 9.22 {24.27 ± 2.16*** 16.61 ± 0.93
ME 60 481.49 ± 10.19*** 707.69 ± 11.54 0#, c, ¤ 383.66 ± 10.85* 20.16 ± 1.68*** 13.34 ± 1.15
8 weeks
N 662.31 ± 9.46 659.86 ± 7.65 241.26 ± 6.65 244.38 ± 7.87 17.20 ± 1.73 17.17 ± 1.59
SO 630.13 ± 4.30 661.63 ± 7.31 236.36 ± 4.50 237.20 ± 4.66 16.27 ± 1.23 16.21 ± 1.35
DW 363.46 ± 9.73#, c, ¤ 663.89 ± 10.90 0#, c, ¤ 234.83 ± 7.48 45.29 ± 3.84#, c, ¤ 16.33 ± 1.63
VIT E 470.23 ± 10.45*** 667.16 ± 8.36 0#, c, ¤ 279.73 ± 7.37*** 34.53 ± 1.54*** 16.82 ± 1.38
AE 60 491.01 ± 5.56*** 683.04 ± 6.33 0#, c, ¤ 411.59 ± 3.81*** 23.90 ± 1.76*** 12.89 ± 0.97
ME 60 495.87 ± 8.04*** 740.66 ± 9.71 0#, c, ¤ 428.69 ± 7.48*** 29.60 ± 1.30*** 13.94 ± 1.16
  1. All values are expressed as mean ± SEM. Number of rats per group = 5
  2. Abbreviations: N normal, SO sham operated, DW distilled water, VIT E vitamin E, AE aqueous extract, ME methanolic extract
  3. #: p < 0.001 compared to normal; c: p < 0.001 compared to sham operated; *p<0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001 compared to DW; ¤: p < 0.001 compared to left testis (same group); ¤: p < 0.001 compared to left testis (same group)