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Table 1 Effects of different treatments on sperm parameters

From: Rubus apetalus (Rosaceae) improves spermatozoa characteristics, antioxidant enzymes and fertility potential in unilateral cryptorchid rats

Sperm parameters
Groups Viability (%) Sperm count (106/mL) Motility (%) Normality (%)
Right testis Left testis Right testis Left testis Right testis Left testis Right testis Left testis
2 weeks
N 92.03 ± 0.5 91.03 ± 0.6 178.62 ± 7.00 179.62 ± 8.00 60.9 ± 4.05 61.06 ± 4.65 70.50 ± 0.87 68.07 ± 0.94
SO 89.26 ± 0.57 88.16 ± 0.68 113.30 ± 11.75 114.50 ± 12.45 66.05 ± 2.59 67.55 ± 3.49 65.56 ± 0.96 64.16 ± 1.64
DW 0#, c,¤ 93.50 ± 1.42 0#, c,¤ 92.12 ± 27.29 0#, c,¤ 44.37 ± 0.83 0#, c,¤ 50.85 ± 2.28
VIT E 0#, c,¤ 87.36 ± 2.47 0#, c,¤ 133.75 ± 15.45 0#, c,¤ 58.02 ± 7.49 0#, c,¤ 59.7 ± 2.66*
AE 12 0#, c,¤¤ 91.81 ± 1.60 0#, c,¤ 111.75 ± 17.44 0#, c,¤ 65.47 ± 5.85 0#, c,¤ 70.95 ± 1.74***
AE 60 0#, c,¤ 91.90 ± 3.53 0#, c,¤ 107.75 ± 13.58 0#, c,¤ 72.08 ± 4.17* 0#, c,¤ 71.11 ± 1.61***
ME 12 0#, c,¤ 90.10 ± 1.50 0#, c,¤ 61.12 ± 5.92 0#, c,¤ 75.34 ± 5.75* 0#, c,¤ 62.69 ± 1.08***
ME 60 0#, c,¤ 98.90 ± 1.86 0#, c,¤ 63.50 ± 4.93 0#, c,¤ 84.01 ± 2.08*** 0#, c,¤ 75.04 ± 1.33***
4 weeks
N 93.14 ± 0.67 91.03 ± 0.67 156.62 ± 7.50 157.87 ± 7.41 70.9 ± 3.85 71.84 ± 1.42 {66.13 ± 0.87) 67.35 ± 0.72
SO 87.56 ± 0.46 88.16 ± 0.68 151.20 ± 9.75 153.12 ± 3.47 75.05 ± 2.35 77.43 ± 2.08 65.06 ± 1.22 65.46 ± 1.24
DW 0#, c,¤ 81.34 ± 1.85 0#, c,¤ 88.50 ± 10.87 0#, c,¤ 65.49 ± 1.68 0#, c,¤ 53.45 ± 1.29
VIT E 0#, c,¤ 87.17 ± 0.70 0#, c,¤ 108.38 ± 12.88 0#, c,¤ 74.41 ± 1.38 0#, c,¤ 64.8 ± 2.78*
AE 12 0#, c,¤ 84.95 ± 0.83 0#, c,¤ 74.88 ± 9.92 0#, c,¤ 72.91 ± 2.61] 0#, c,¤ 72.54 ± 1.21***
AE 60 0#, c,¤ 86.02 ± 1.58 0#, c,¤ 102.50 ± 7.23 0#, c,¤ 82.93 ± 3.06** 0#, c,¤ 78.54 ± 1.82***
ME 12 0#, c,¤ 84.01 ± 0.91 0#, c,¤ 135.13 ± 24.95*,Δ 0#, c,¤ 80.39 ± 2.90* 0#, c,¤, ¤ 51.71 ± 1.91***
ME 60 0#, c,¤ 91.34 ± 4.16** 0#, c,¤ 144.00 ± 28.80*,Δ 0#, c,¤ 85.67 ± 1.76*** 0#, c,¤ 79.84 ± 1.41***
8 weeks
N 92.12 ± 0.65 84.47 ± 2.94 184.65 ± 7.45 183 ± 7.29 84.47 ± 2.94 84.47 ± 2.94 67.94 ± 0.94 66.32 ± 0.81
SO 89.25 ± 0.75 89.83 ± 1.76 86.92 ± 3.86 185 ± 3.96 89.83 ± 1.76 89.83 ± 1.76 63.81 ± 0.87 64.16 ± 1.64
DW 0#, c,¤ 72.92 ± 2.62 0#, c,¤ 106.66 ± 6.08 0#, c,¤ 72.92 ± 2.61 0#, c,¤ 50.85 ± 2.28
VIT E 0#, c,¤ 81.97 ± 3.05 0#, c,¤ 150.62 ± 7.67* 0#, c,¤ 81.97 ± 3.05 0#, c,¤ 59.7 ± 2.66*
AE 60 0#, c,¤ 85.59 ± 3.96* 0#, c,¤ 176.35 ± 4.03**, Δ, 0#, c,¤ 85.59 ± 3.96* 0#, c,¤ 77.20 ± 2.62***
ME 60 0#, c,¤ 86.54 ± 2.37* 0#, c,¤ 147.50 ± 5.90**,Δ, 0#, c,¤ 86.54 ± 2.37* 0#, c,¤ 79.75 ± 1.33***
  1. All values are expressed as mean ± SEM. Number of rat per group = 5
  2. N normal, SO sham operated, DW distilled water, VIT E vitamin E, AE aqueous extract, ME methanolic extract
  3. #: p < 0.001 compared to normal; c: p < 0.001 compared to sham operated; *p<0.05;**p<0.01;***p<0.001 compared to DW; ¤: p < 0.001 compared to left testis (same group); Δp < 0.001 compared to week 2 (same group); •p < 0.001 compared to week 4 (same group)