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Cryptorchidie acquise, testicule oscillant et autres formes secondaires de cryptorchidie

Ascended testis, retractile testis and other secondary forms of cryptorchidism

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Résumé

Si la plus grande partie des cryptorchidies est liée à une anomalie de migration testiculaire pendant la période fœtale, il existe de multiples formes secondaires. Elles sont représentées par la cryptorchidie associée à une pathologie générale, la cryptorchidie acquise, le testicule oscillant et les formes iatrogènes. Il est important de connaître et de diagnostiquer ces formes, car des lésions histologiques du testicule sont retrouvées dans toutes les situations dans lesquelles le testicule est resté, de façon prolongée, en dehors de la bourse.

Abstract

Most of cryptorchidisms are due to failure in testicular descent during fetal life, but secondary forms of cryptorchidism exist. They are represented by cryptorchidism associated to general disease, ascended testis, retractile testis and iatrogenic forms. It is important to know and diagnose these forms, because histological lesions are present in any testis which stayed out of scrotum for a prolonged period.

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Correspondence to E. Dobremez.

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Dobremez, E., Harper, L. Cryptorchidie acquise, testicule oscillant et autres formes secondaires de cryptorchidie. Basic Clin. Androl. 20, 190–193 (2010) doi:10.1007/s12610-010-0095-y

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Mots clés

  • Cryptorchidie acquise
  • Testicule oscillant
  • Fertilité

Keywords

  • Ascended testis
  • Retractile testis
  • Fertility