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Cryptorchidie et infertilité masculine

Cryptorchidism and male infecondity

Resume

La cryptorchidie, qui fait partie des anomalies de migration du testicule, est toujours considérée comme ayant des effets très contradictoires sur la fonction exocrine des gonades mâles. Outre quelques notions nouvelles en terme d’épidémiologie et de facteurs de risque associés à la cryptorchidie, les auteurs ont brièvement revu les données de la littérature en ce qui concerne la spermatogenèse, la paternité et l’infécondité chez les hommes ayant des antécédents de cryptorchidie. Les divergences des résultats rapportés constituent une forte incitation à une approche prospective, multicentrique et multidisciplinaire des problèmes posés par les anomalies de migration du testicule.

Abstract

Cryptorchidism is one of the various forms of testicular maldescent. Cryptorchidism is still reported to have discrepant effects upon the exocrine function of the male gonade. Besides some new information about epidemiology and risck factors associated with cryptorchidism, data from the literature are reviewed concerning spermatogenesis, fatherhood and infertility in men with a history of cryptorchidism. The discrepancy of the results is such important that only prospective and multicentric studies involving various experts seem to be appropriate to approach the complex problems arising from the maldescended testis.

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Mieusset, R., Bujan, L., Mansat, A. et al. Cryptorchidie et infertilité masculine. Androl. 6, 282–286 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03035282

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03035282

Mots clés

  • cryptorchidie
  • paternité
  • spermatogenèse
  • infécondité

Key words

  • Cryptrochidism
  • fatherhood
  • spermatogenesis
  • infertility