Skip to main content

Table 1 Anthropometric. metabolic and spermatic characteristics of patients included in the study. Patients were allocated in two groups: the metabolic syndrome group (with MS) and the non-metabolic syndrome (no MS) group. P value corresponds to the difference between the metabolic and non-metabolic syndrome groups. Qualitative variables were analyzed using chi-square test. Quantitative variables were analyzed using the nonparametric Mann–Whitney test

From: Association between metabolic disorders and seminal plasma miRNA levels: a pilot study

  All subjects (n = 160) No MetS (n = 113) MetS (n = 47) P value without vs with MetS
Age (year) 37.1 ± 0.4 32.2 ± 0.4 39.1 ± 0.4  < 0.001
BMI (kg.m.−2) 26.4 ± 0.3 25.2 ± 1.1 29.3 ± 0.6  < 0.0001
Waist Circumference (cm) 92.9 ± 0.9 89.3 ± 1.0 101.3 ± 1.4  < 0.0001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 125.6 ± 1.0 123.4 ± 0.9 130.7 ± 2  < 0.001
Glycaemia (mmol/l) 5.3 ± 0.1 5.1 ± 0.1 5.9 ± 0.2  < 0.0001
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.2 ± 0.1 5.1 ± 0.1 5.4 ± 0.2 0.05
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.28 ± 0.07 3.23 ± 0.09 3.41 ± 0.14 0.18
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.23 ± 0.03 1.32 ± 0.03 1.02 ± 0.04  < 0.0001
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1.7 ± 0.1 1.3 ± 0.1 2.5 ± 0.2  < 0.0001
Ejaculate volume (ml) 3.6 ± 0.1 3.6 ± 0.2 3.4 ± 0.2 0.49
Sperm concentration (10.6/ml) 50.3 ± 3.8 47.1 ± 4.3 59.2 ± 7.8 0.09
Total sperm count (10.6/ejaculate) 179 ± 17 173 ± 22 192 ± 29 0.16
Progressive motility (%) 39.9 ± 1.4 40.1 ± 1.6 39.5 ± 2.7 0.89
Sperm vitality (%) 71.6 ± 1.3 72.0 ± 1.5 70.7 ± 2.5 0.72
Sperm morphology (%) 16.0 ± 1.1 15.5 ± 1.4 15.3 ± 2.0 0.58
Sperm DNA fragmentation (%) 8.4 ± 0.5 8.3 ± 0.6 8.7 ± 0.8 0.33
  1. CRP C-reactive protein, DBP Diastolic blood pressure, FSH Follicle-stimulating hormone, LH Luteinizing hormone, SBP Systolic blood pressure, WC Waist circumference