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Table 1 Characteristics of 132 patients and factors that may predict pain relief

From: Microscopic subinguinal varicocelectomy for testicular pain: a retrospective study on outcomes and predictors of pain relief

Variable Pain relief group
n = 110
Persistent pain group
n = 22
P value
Mean age, ± SD (years) 29.9 ± 8.1 28.5 ± 8.5 0.62
Site of testicular pain
 Unilateral 80 4 < 0.0001
 Bilateral 30 18 0.083
Preoperative pain quality
 Dragging pain 70 15 0.81
 Dull pain 40 7 0.74
Preoperative pain duration
  ≤ 6 months 38 9 0.65
  > 6 months 72 13 0.73
Preoperative mean points on NRSa pain score ± SD 6.64 ± 1.3 6.73 ± 1.1 0.76
Mean BMIb, ± SD (kg/m2) 28.2 ± 1.2 28.4 ± 1.4 0.665
Smoking
 Yes 36 6 0.68
 No 74 16 0.78
Preoperative varicocele grade
 I 20 8 0.74
 II 52 18 0.98
 III 62 20 0.84
Mean of maximum vein diameter on ultrasound, ± SD (mm)
 Left 4.9 ± 1.1 4.8 ± 1.6 0.80
 Right 3.9 ± 1.0 4.2 ± 1.5 0.41
Complications 1 1 0.20
  1. anumerical rating scale
  2. bbody mass index