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Table 2 bivariate and multivariable logistic regression model for factors associated with erectile dysfunction (N = 381)

From: Prevalence and factors associated with erectile dysfunction among adult men in Moshi municipal, Tanzania: community-based study

Variable ED = 113 cOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI)
n (%)
Age (years)
 18–39 25 (11.0) 1  
 40–54 30 (44.8) 6.6 (3.5–12.4) 5.0 (2.5–9.9)*
  ≥ 55 58 (66.7) 16 (8.8–29.7) 11.7 (5.8–23.7)*
Alcohol intake
 No 55 (28.1) 1  
 Yes 58 (31.8) 1.2 (0.8–1.8)  
Tobacco use
 No 80 (27.1) 1  
 Yes 33 (38.4) 1.7 (1–2.8) 1.5 (0.8–2.9)
Physical activity
  ≥ 150 min/week 69 (28.2) 1  
 None/< 150 min/week 44 (32.4) 1.2 (0.8–1.9)  
Body mass index (kg/m2)
 Normala 53 (24.7) 1  
 Overweightc 39 (38.6) 1.9 (1.2–3.2) 1.5 (0.8–2.9)
 Obesityd 15 (40.5) 2.1 (1–4.3) 1.4 (0.6–3.6)
Blood pressure (mmHg)
 Normalx 52 (21.1) 1  
 Pre-hypertensivey 29 (33.0) 1.8 (1.1–3.2) 1.2 (0.6–2.2)
Hypertensivez 32 (68.1) 8.0 (4–15.8) 2.6 (1.1–6.4)*
Blood sugar level (mmol/L)
 Normalk 95 (26.8) 1  
 Prediabetesl/Diabetesm 18 (66.7) 5.5 (2.4–12.6) 2.5 (0.9–6.6)
  1. Adjusted for Age, Tobacco use, Body mass index, Blood pressure and Blood sugar level
  2. CI Confidence interval, cOR Crude odds ratio, aOR Adjusted odds ratio, ED Erectile dysfunction *statistically significant
  3. a 18.5–24.9 kg/m2, c 25–29.9 kg/m2, d ≥ 30 kg/m2
  4. x < 120/80 mmHg, y 120–139/89-89 mmHg, z ≥ 140/≥90 mmHg
  5. k < 7.8 mmol/L, l 7.8-11 mmol/L, m ≥ 11.1 mmol/L