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Table 5 Sub-cohort analyses (N = 100)

From: Could high DNA stainability (HDS) be a valuable indicator of sperm nuclear integrity?

Parameters Mean ± SD Minimum Maximum
Semen volume [ml] 4.69 ± 5.52 0.70 40.70
Sperm concentration [106/ml] 53.67 ± 33.85 7.00 156.00
Sperm count [106 /ejaculate] 238.62 ± 291.69 18.00 2604.8
Sperm abnormal morphology [%] 96.42 ± 1.52 90 100
Total motility [%] 46.6 ± 22.16 0.00 91.2
Progressive motility [%] 0.47 ± 1.45 0.00 7.7
Non-progressive motility [%] 46.39 ± 22.16 0.00 90.7
Immotile [%] 52.93 ± 22.48 8.80 100
Sperm DNA fragmentation (TUNEL) [%] 9.54 ± 5.01 4.00 34
DNA fragmentation index (DFI) [%] 17.15 ± 5.52 10.00 41.00
High DNA Stainability (HDS) [%] 12.51 ± 3.9 6.00 23
Protamine deficiency (CMA3) [%] 30.82 ± 13.92 6.00 65
Aniline blue [%] 29.69 ± 11.37 7.30 57.60
Toluidine blue [%] 35.72 ± 16.46 11.00 76.00
  1. SD Standard deviation, TUNEL Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling