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Table 1 Global cohort analyses (N = 375)

From: Could high DNA stainability (HDS) be a valuable indicator of sperm nuclear integrity?

Parameters Mean ± SD Minimum Maximum
Semen volume [ml] 4.09 ± 1.72 0.7 10.2
Sperm concentration [106/ml] 55.13 ± 37.34 1.0 192
Sperm count [106 /ejaculate] 219.09 ± 170.5 3.08 940.8
Sperm abnormal morphology [%] 96.55 ± 1.58 90 100
Total motility [%] 43.46 ± 19.96 0 96.5
Progressive motility [%] 0.53 ± 1.56 0 9.4
Non-progressive motility [%] 42.89 ± 19.79 0 96.5
Immotile [%] 56.53 ± 20.16 3.5 100
DNA fragmentation (TUNEL) [%] 9.26 ± 4.63 3 35
DNA fragmentation index (DFI) [%] 16.18 ± 6.1 7.0 45.0
High DNA Stainability (HDS) [%] 11.57 ± 3.98 4.0 28
Protamine deficiency (CMA3) [%] 19.64 ± 15.31 1 75
  1. TUNEL Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling, CMA3 Chromomycin A3