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Table 2 Seminal characteristics

From: Semen and male genital tract characteristics of patients with Fabry disease: the FERTIFABRY multicentre observational study

Variable   Total % (95% CI)
Volume (mL) n (md) 17 (1)  
Mean (SD) 4.3 (3.1)  
Abnormal (< 1.5 mL) 4 23.5 (6.8–49.9)
Normal (≥1.5 mL) 13 76.5 (50.1–93.2)
pH n (md) 17 (1)  
Mean (SD) 7.9 (0.2)  
Abnormal 0  
Normal (> 7.2) 17 100 (80.5–100.0)
Total sperm number (Millions/ejaculate) n (md) 17 (1)  
Mean (SD) 181.3 (265.1)  
Abnormal (< 39 Millions/ejaculate) 7 41.2 (18.4–67.1)
Normal (≥39 Millions/ejaculate) 10 58.8 (32.9–81.6)
Sperm count (Millions/mL) n (md) 17 (1)  
Mean (SD) 34.9 (53.9)  
Abnormal (<  15 M/mL) 10 58.8 (32.9–81.6)
Normal (≥ 15 M/mL) 7 41.2 (18.4–67.1)
Sperm vitality (%) n (md) 17 (1)  
Mean (SD) 58.8 (27.8)  
Abnormal (<  58%) 4 23.5 (6.8–49.9)
Normal (≥ 58%) 13 76.5 (50.1–93.2)
Presence of leucospermia (n) n (md) 17 (1)  
Yes 1 5.9 (0.1–28.7)
No 16 94.1 (71.3–99.9)
Progressive sperm motility (n)
 Grade a + b n (md) 16 (2)  
Mean (SD) 41.5 (21.2)  
Abnormal (<  32%) 4 25 (7.3–52.4)
Normal (≥ 32%) 12 75 (47.6–92.7)
 Grade a + b + c n (md) 16 (2)  
Mean (SD) 48.8 (22.2)  
Abnormal (<  40%) 3 18.8 (4.0–45.6)
Normal (≥ 40%) 13 81.3 (54.4–96.0)
Sperm motility at 2 h (n)
 Grade a + b n (md) 4 (14)  
Mean (SD) 42.5 (32.4)  
Abnormal (< 32%) 1 25 (0.6–80.6)
Normal (≥32%) 3 75 (19.4–99.4)
 Grade a + b + c n (md) 4 (14)  
Mean (SD) 49.3 (33.8)  
Abnormal (< 40%) 1 25 (0.6–80.6)
Normal (≥40%) 3 75 (19.4–99.4)
 Sperm morphology (n) n (md) 15 (3)  
Mean (SD) 12.1 (8.7)  
Abnormal (< 15%) 8 53.3 (26.6–78.7)
Normal (≥15%) 7 46.7 (21.3–73.4)
 MAI (n) n (md) 15 (3)  
Mean (SD) 1.7 (0.3)  
Abnormal (≥1.6) 10 66.7 (38.4–88.2)
Normal (< 1.6) 5 33.3 (11.8–61.6)
  1. Abbreviations: md = missing data; CI = confidence interval; SD = standard deviation; MAI = Multiple Anomalies Index