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Table 1 HIV infection, coinfection and treatment histories in patients in the 2 groups (n = 193 subjects)

From: Patterns of residual HIV-1 RNA shedding in the seminal plasma of patients on effective antiretroviral therapy

  (IHS) At least once NBVL and PSVL n = 22 NBVL and NSVL n = 171
  n (%) n (%)
CD4 cell count (×106/l)
  ≤ 350 3 (14) 27 (16)
 350–500 3 (14) 40 (24)
  > 500 16 (72) 103 (60)
Mode of acquisition
 Sexual 11 (61) 98 (64)
 IDU/blood 7 (39) 56 (36)
STI history 10 (53) 54 (35)
OI history 5 (25) 35 (22)
Co-infection HBV 2 (10) 13 (8)
Co-infection HCV 8 (40) 55 (34)
  Mean ± sd (med) Mean ± sd (med)
Time since diagnosis (years) 11 ± 5 (12) 10 ± 6 (10)
  1. Abbreviations: IHS Isolated HIV shedder; NBVL Negative Blood Virus Load; PSVL Positive Seminal Load; NSVL Negative Seminal Load; IDU Intravenous Drug User; STI Sexually Transmitted Infections; OI Opportunistic Infections; Mean ± sd for mean ± standard deviation, (med) for (median)