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Fig. 1 | Basic and Clinical Andrology

Fig. 1

From: Patterns of residual HIV-1 RNA shedding in the seminal plasma of patients on effective antiretroviral therapy

Fig. 1

Evolution of the prevalence of patients with isolated HIV seminal shedding among patients with an undetectable blood virus load. Histogram (blue bars) shows the annual percentage of NBVL patients showing isolated HIV shedding (NBVL + PSVL) (numbers in brackets) during 1998–2013. The slope represents the estimated trend of the prevalence with associated confidence intervals. Abbreviations: PSVL (Positive Seminal Virus Load), NBVL (Negative Blood Virus Load)

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