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Table 1 Levels of hormonal steroids and some of their precursors and metabolites in human seminal plasma and blood serum of fertile men

From: Occurrence and reproductive roles of hormones in seminal plasma

Steroid Seminal plasma concentration Plasma/serum concentration References
Androstanediol (5α-androstane-3α17β-diol) 0.21–1.25   [9]
Androstenedione (4-androstene-3,17-dione) 0.30–2.00 3.0–5.0 See Ref. [5]
  1.20–2.96   [9]
  0.056 (0.035–0.087) 2.036 (1.857–2.228) [103]
  3.65 ± 1.63   [128]
Cortisol 59–176 140–690 See Ref. [5]
  13 (10–15) 292 (267–320) [103]
Cortisone 20.6 (18.8–22.4) 71.6 (68.0–75.5) [103]
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) 23.4 ± 10.9 24.3 ± 10.3 [14]
  4.9 (3.9–6.1) 14.9 (13.2–16.8) [103]
Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) 1400 6850a See Ref. [35]
Dihydrotestosterone 1.1–1.9 0.87–2.6 See Ref. [5]
  0.775 (0.634–0.933)   [103]
Estrone 0.016 (0.014–0.018) 0.085 (0.070–0.100) [103]
Estradiol 0.2–0.6 below 0.18 See Ref. [5]
  0.015–0.066   [9]
  0.256 ± 0.073   [40]
  0.242 ± 0.055 0.086 ± 0.023 [65]
  0.070 ± 0.009   [101]
  0.014 (0.012–0.017) 0.062 (0.051–0.077) [103]
  0.596 ± 0.193 0.095 ± 0.04 [116]
Estriol 0.149 (0.114–0.191) 0.031 (0.021–0.049) [103]
7α-Hydroxy-DHEA 1.67 ± 0.66 1.41 ± 0.77 [14]
  0.903 (0.782–1.045) 0.913 (0.801–1.041) [103]
7β-Hydroxy-DHEA 1.45 ± 0.67 1.23 ± 0.60 [14]
  0.210 (0.174–0.246) 0.489 (0.437–0.545) [103]
16α-Hydroxy-DHEA 1.06 ± 0.15 0–1.86 [15]
17-Hydroxy pregnenolone 0.358 (0.271–0.463) 4.933 (4.241–5.715) [103]
17α-Hydroxyprogesterone 1.62 ± 1.26 1.30–5.40b [128]
7-oxo-DHEA 0.116 (0.089–0.145) 0.129 (0.106–0.159) [103]
Pregnenolone 0.626 (0.537–0.730) 1.138 (0.916–1.390) [103]
Progesterone 1.43 ± 0.56 0–3.20b [128]
Testosterone 0.3–4.6 10–35 See Ref. [5]
  1.18–8.32 10.0–32.2 [9]
  0.07 (0.04–0.11) 11.5 (10.6–12.4) [103]
  1. The concentration ranges or means ± S.D. or means with 95.0% confidence intervals in parenthesis in nmol/L are shown
  2. aStrongly dependent on age, bData from author’s laboratory