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Table 3 Vitality and normal forms: surgery vs. embolization

From: Subinguinal microsurgical varicocelectomy vs. percutaneous embolization in infertile men: Prospective comparison of reproductive and functional outcomes

Vitality% Surgery Embolization P-value Mann-Whitney Normal Formsb% Surgery Embolization P-value Mann-Whitney
Pre-op (n) 62.3 ± 14.0 (45) 56.7 ± 15.6 (25) 0.063 Pre-op (n) 6.4 ± 10.9 (25) 4.3 ± 5.9 (14) 0.488
3 months (n) 60.7 ± 14.2 (40) 53.2 ± 20.9 (25) 0.131 3 months (n) 6.1 ± 6.4 (22) 9.6 ± 9.2 (13) 0.244
6 months (n) 59.9 ± 14.6 (29) 54.8 ± 21.7 (19) 0.548 6 months (n) 4.1 ± 4.3 (20) 4.9 ± 3.7 (10) 0.413
9 months (n) 54.5 ± 12.5 (13) 49.0 ± 21.0 (14) 0.698 9 months (n) 6.3 ± 2.9 (7) 3.8 ± 6.8 (8) 0.041
12 months (n) 54.3 ± 22.9 (17) 56.4 ± 16.6 (11) 0.724 12 months (n) 10.9 ± 9.6 (8) 10.8 ± 4 (4) 0.733
Last exama (n) 58.1 ± 18.6 (44) 57.8 ± 19.7(27) 0.844 Last exam(n) 6.7 ± 7.1(27) 12.2 ± 18.7 (13) 0.393
  1. The mean of each value is reported +/- SD
  2. Reported data are rounded up
  3. aRepresents the mean of the last semen analysis available for each patient
  4. bThe Classification of David was used to evaluate normal forms