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Table 3 ICSI outcomes with or without cultured testicular spermatozoa

From: Impact on ICSI outcomes of adding 24 h of in vitro culture before testicular sperm freezing: a retrospective study

References Studied group Group size (No. ICSI) Results
FR (%) CPR (%) IR (%) DR (%)
Levran et al. 2001 [23] 1. TSPZ, fresh, no culture 23 61.7 34.8 13.9 26.1
VS      
2. TSPZ, fresh, 24 h culture 24 58.9 29.2 7.5 21.7
Windt et al. 2002 [18] 1. TSPZ, fresh, no culture 76 61.9 19.7   
VS      
2. TSPZ, fresh, 24 h culture 17 73.7 35.3   
Wood et al. 2003 [34] 1. TSPZ, fresh, no culture 35 62.3 23.0   
VS      
2. TSPZ, fresh, 24-48 h culture 38 71.1 24.0   
Karacan et al. 2013 [24] 1. TSPZ, fresh, no culture 166 70.7 31.3 13.4 28.9
VS      
2. TSPZ, fresh, 24 h culture 42 68.7 30.9 16.5 28.5
Our study 1. TSPZ, no culture, post-thawed 34 59.1 29.4 21.6 29.4
VS      
2. TSPZ, 24H culture, post-thawed 18 56.9 12.5 9.8 5.6
  1. Significant results in bold
  2. CPR clinical pregnancy rate, DR delivery rate, FR fertilization rate, R implantation rate, No Number of, TSPZ testicular spermatozoa, VS versus